Are nurses legally required to offer assistance at accident or emergency sites?

(Nurse.com) State law determines whether one is legally required to provide emergency care at the scene of an accident or other emergency. Some states require licensed healthcare professionals to do so (e.g., Wisconsin, Rhode Island), while others do not. Some have called these laws “duty to rescue” statutes.

Remember that most, if not all, states have passed Good Samaritan laws which provide immunity from suit for healthcare providers — and ordinary citizens — who provide emergency care to an individual in an accident or in an emergency situation, and does so without compensation and without prior knowledge of the person’s medical state. The immunity only extends to “ordinary negligence”, not willful or wanton negligence. You can check to see if your state has passed such legislation, and its parameters, by going to your state court home page and placing “Good Samaritan law” in the search bar.

There is another side to this issue, however, and that is whether there is an ethical responsibility to provide care at the scene of an accident or in an emergency. This is a decision each nurse must decide for themselves, especially when there is no legal duty to do something.

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